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10th Grade Philosophy

Unit 1: Study of Virtue in The Ancient Greek Culture

Specific Topics

Essential Questions

  • How is Virtue defined in the early era?
  • How and why does definition of Virtue change?
  • How is idea of Virtue manifested in different disciplines?
  • How are the links between the disciplines established for a more thorough understanding of the interdisciplinary aspect of the subject of virtue?

Student Understandings

  • the definitions and applications of the definitions of virtue from Aristotle.
  • the methodologies and philosophical views of the pre-Socratic philosophers.
  • the definitions of Justice offered in Book One of “The Republic”.
  • the definitions of Virtue offered in “Meno”.

Readings & Materials

 

Unit 2: The Rise of Christianity

Specific Topics

  • The transition of Greek philosophy to the Roman empire
  • Jewish traditions that translated into early Christianity
  • The transformation of ethics and metaphysics in the Roman empire

Essential Questions

  • What ethical and metaphysical questions drive Roman philosophy?
  • How did Judaism influence the early Christian church?
  • How did Stoicism’s similarity to Christianity drive the Roman empire to adopt Christianity?
  • What transformations of Judaism made Christianity acceptable to the Roman empire?

Student Understandings

  • the dominant philosophies of the Roman empire.
  • how religion and philosophy merge in the Roman empire.
  • the Jewish roots of Christianity and its ethical influence on the Roman empire.

Readings & Materials

  • The History of Philosophy
  • TANAKA (Genesis 18-22)
  • New International Version of the New Testament (I Corinthians 13; John 1-3; Romans 4)

 

Unit 3: The Bloody History of the Catholic Church

Specific Topics

  • St. Augustine and Neo-Platonism
  • St. Augustine and The Just War Theory
  • St. Thomas Aquinas’ Five Proofs of G-d
  • St. Thomas Aquinas and the Rise of Scholasticism
  • Galileo’s Astronomy and Its Challenges To Church Doctrine
  • Francis Bacon Destroys Church Dominance In The Educational System of Europe

Essential Questions

  • How does the Church make the transformation from reason to faith and back again?
  • How can the Church embrace Jesus as the “Prince of Peace” while committing atrocities against Jewish, Muslim and fellow Christian populations?
  • How did Islam influence Christian and European philosophy, art and religion?
  • How did the logic used by the Church change from the Dark and Middle Ages as Europe moved into the Renaissance?

Student Understandings

  • St. Augustine keeps philosophy alive during the Dark and Middle Ages.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas embraces science as long as it does not contradict church doctrine.
  • Islamic philosophy and culture transform European philosophy and education.
  • The educational power of the church is destroyed by the rise of science.

Readings & Materials

  • Francis Bacon – Novum Organum
  • St. Thomas Aquinas – Summa Theologiae
  • Chronicles of the Crusades
  • Anne Rottenberg – “Elements of Argument”

 

Unit 4: The Romantics & The Victorians

Specific Topics

  • Political philosophies developed during the Enlightenment
  • Economic philosophies developed during the Enlightenment
  • The implications of capitalism in Europe
  • The issues of race, class and gender marginalization in the Enlightenment

Essential Questions

  • How did the philosophies of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau alter governmental systems in Europe?
  • How did Capitalism and Karl Marx’s challenges to it transform the nations of Europe?
  • How were minorities, the poor and women marginalized during the Enlightenment?

Student Understandings

  • the essential features of Adam Smith’s capitalist system.
  • Marx’s criticisms of capitalism.
  • the impact of Marxism on the history of the 20th Century.
  • the major political philosophers (Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau).

Readings & Materials

  • Leviathan – Thomas Hobbes
  • The Nobel Savage – Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • The Duties of Women – Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • The Wealth of Nations – Adam Smith
  • The Communist Manifesto – Karl Marx